Roc Nation's interests include management, publishing and records, with acts including The Tings Tings, Rihanna and Mark Ronson. Three Six Zero's roster includes DeadMau5 and Calvin Harris.
The deal means the two companies will work together on live, recording, sponsorship, television, film and merchandising activities.
In a statement, Roc Nation praises Three Six Zero for having "their finger on the pulse of the future of the music industry".
Meanwhile, Three Six Zero Group says us shares "the same ethos and values" and intends the partnership "to become something special".
Roc Nation has previously partnered with the UK management team behind Tinchy Stryder, to create Takeover Roc Nation, dealing with management, merchandise, records and live shows.