Dylan's 33rd studio album, Together Through Life, provides his seventh number one - but his first for nearly 40 years.
Containing nine new songs by the veteran singer/songwriter, it takes pole position on first week sales of 42,339. Dylan's 51st chart album, including compilations and live sets, it continues a remarkable renaissance for the bard, whose last two studio albums - 2006's Modern Times and 2001's Love And Theft - both debuted at number three (first week sales: 55,196 and 26,443, respectively) to provide his highest charting albums for a quarter of a century.
Dylan is 68 on 24 May, and is the oldest solo artist ever to have a number one comprising new recordings, beating the previous record of 67 years and 4 months set by Neil Diamond, when his Home Before Dark set topped the chart last May.
Dylan also takes the record for the longest span of number one studio albums by a male solo artist, with more than 44 years elapsing since his first chart-topper, The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan, in 1965.
He also secures the record for biggest gap between number ones, with Together Through Life arriving 38 1/2 years after his last number one, New Morning. Previous record holder Tom Jones topped the chart in 2000 with Reload, nearly 32 years after his previous number one album, Delilah.
Dylan's chart-topping debut means Coventry upstarts The Enemy have to settle for a number two debut for their second album Music For The People, on sales of 35,363 copies. The band's first album, We'll Live And Die In These Towns, debuted at number one on sales of 39,191 in 2007. It sold its 400,000th copy last Monday.
Seven months after releasing their second album, Doll Domination, The Pussycat Dolls debut at number nine (13,676 sales) with the scaled down Doll Domination - The Mini Collection, a six song, 23 minute set which houses the three hit singles from Doll Domination, current AR Rahman collaboration Jai Ho!, a remixed Hush Hush, and the previously unreleased Painted Windows. Doll Domination fell out of the chart six weeks ago, and has sold 205,881 copies to date - less than a sixth as many as the burlesque troupe's debut set PCD, which has sold 1,246,769 copies.
Album sales increased by 7.01% week-on-week to 1,803,408 but were 10.02% below same week 2008 sales of 2,004,380.
While Bob Dylan storms to the top of the album chart, Number 1 is still number one on the singles tally.
Tinchy Stryder and N-Dubz's collaboration upped the stakes marginally last week, increasing sales by 0.2% to 72,374 copies - that's 117 more than the previous week, the highest total for any single for seven weeks, and the fourth highest in 18 chart weeks thus far in 2009. Stryder lengthens his lead over La Roux, who remain in second place with In For The Kill (55,094 sales).
Singles sales increased by 5.6% week-on-week to 2,513,864 - 37.15% above same week 2008 sales of 1,832,905.