Based in New York, Perry will report to Stringer and be responsible for leading the overall management of the label.
Perry joins Columbia from Songs Music Publishing, where he was president, and a significant minority partner since its launch in 2004. The Songs catalogue was recently acquired by Kobalt Capital.
At Songs, Perry was responsible for signing Lorde, The Weeknd, Major Lazer, and Diplo. He was credited as the A&R on Lorde's Grammy-nominated Melodrama and with pairing The Weeknd and Daft Punk on Starboy and I Feel It Coming.
Stringer said: "Ron is an immensely dynamic and forward thinking executive who excels at bringing the best out of artistic vision. After his enormous success in recent years, we are thrilled to have Ron join Sony Music and lead the great team and unparalleled roster at the legendary Columbia Records label."
Perry added: "I want to thank Rob for the extraordinary opportunity to run the premier label in the history of music. To embark as the curator of this storied company is both the highest and most humbling career achievement I could imagine. Columbia Records has stood the test of time as the industry's marquee home for the world's greatest stars. Rob has handed off an extremely talented team at Columbia. I look forward to building on his successes, while developing culturally innovative new artists and extending Columbia's unprecedented run at the top into the future."